the 6th Extraordinary Session of the World Heritage Committee held on
17 and 22 March 2003, ICOMOS was assigned the task of preparing a
proposal aiming at the inclusion of cultural routes as a distinctive
new concept among the different cultural heritage properties on the WH
Convention Operational Guidelines which are under revision.
a meeting of experts on Cultural Routes was held on 30 and 31 May in
Madrid, with the generous support of
Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.
meeting was attended by the President of ICOMOS and some
representatives of the World Heritage Centre, as well as by the
President and the Vice-presidents of the ICOMOS CIIC, accompanied by a
small team of experts representing in an equitable manner the
different cultural regions of the world, and specially selected on the
basis of their past contribution to doctrinal aspects concerning the
concept and operative aspects of cultural routes.
resulting proposal, which is reproduced on these pages, is based on
the doctrine developed by the CIIC along the past years, following the
discussions of the first meeting on this subject (Madrid, Spain,
UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
CONCERNING THE PROTECTION OF THE WORLD CULTURAL AND NATURAL HERITAGE
UNESCO Headquarters, Room II
5 of the Provisional Agenda: Revision of the Operational Guidelines
Draft Annotated Revised Operational
Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention
prepared by the March 2002 Drafting Group (formerly WHC-02/CONF.202/14B)
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST
CHANGES are marked in red:
Criteria for the inclusion of properties on the World Heritage List
property which is nominated for inclusion in the World Heritage List
will be considered to be of outstanding universal value when the
Committee finds that it meets one or more of the following criteria:
important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within (a)
of the world, on developments in architecture or technology,
monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;
(iv) Be an outstanding example of a
type of building, architectural or technological ensemble,
properties nominated under criteria (i) to (vi), the physical fabric
of the property and/or its significant features should be in good
condition, and the impact of deterioration processes controlled. A
significant proportion of the elements necessary to convey the
totality of the values conveyed by the property should be included. Relationships
and dynamic functions present in
cultural routes, cultural
landscapes, historic towns or other living properties essential to
their distinctive character should also be maintained.
AMENDMENTS are marked in red.
ON THE INCLUSION OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF PROPERTIES ON THE WORLD HERITAGE
OF CULTURAL LANDSCAPES ON THE WORLD HERITAGE LIST
extent of a cultural landscape for inclusion on the World Heritage
List is relative to its functionality and intelligibility. In any
case, the sample selected must be substantial enough to adequately
represent the totality of the cultural landscape that it illustrates.
concept of "routes" or cultural itineraries was first
discussed by the expert meeting on "Routes as a Part of
our Cultural Heritage" (Madrid, Spain, November 1994) and
finally defined by the second expert meeting
(Madrid, Spain, May 2003) on the basis of the doctrinal
development carried out by the ICOMOS-CIIC International Scientific
Committee on Cultural Routes (1997-2002)
cultural route is a land, water, mixed or other type of route, which
is physically determined and characterized
by having its own specific and historic dynamics and functionality; showing
interactive movements of people as well as multi-dimenssional,
continous and reciprocal exchanges
of goods, ideas, knowledge and values within or between
countries and regions
over significant periods of time;
and thereby generating a cross-fertilization of the cultures in space
and time, which
is reflected both in its tangible and intangible heritage.
into account the cultural richness and variety of both the
relationship and cultural properties which may exist in a cultural
route (monuments, archaeological remains, historic towns, vernacular
architecture, industrial and technological heritage, public works,
cultural landscapes, transportation means and other samples of
application of specific knowledge and technical skills), cultural
routes are a suitable instrument for highlighting the fact that
cultural reality is a multi-faceted evidence, which requires a multi-disciplinary
approach. They also renew scientific hypotheses and allow technical,
artistic and cultural knowledge to increase.
Being the historic result of peaceful
encounters or disputes, cultural routes currently present a number of
shared dimension which transcend their primitive function, offering an
exceptional setting for a plural approach to history and a culture of
peace and mutual understanding based on cooperation among nations.
of Cultural Routes
routes can be classified in the following categories:
per their present territorial scope: national or international;
to their cultural scope: within a given cultural region or across
different cultural areas sharing a process of reciprocal
influences in the formation or the evolution of their cultural values.
§ As per their prime or still continuing purpose: social, economical, commercial, administrative, cultural and spiritual. These characteristics can also be shared in a multi-dimensional context.
§ As per their duration on time: Those which are no longer used but provide archaeological evidence of the past, and those which are still used and that by their very nature have developed and will continue to develop under the influences of socio-economic, administrative, spiritual and cultural exchanges.
§ As per their historical physical frame: land, aquatic, mixed or other type of physical route.
requirement to hold exceptional universal worth should be recalled.
based on the dynamics of movement and the idea of exchanges,
with continuity in space and time;
to a whole, where the route has a worth over and above the sum
of the elements making it up and through which it gains its cultural
exchange and dialogue between countries or between regions;
with different aspects developing and adding to its prime purpose
which may be religious, commercial, administrative or otherwise.
identification of a
The authenticity test and the measure of the
conditions of integrity
if in certain sections the material traces of a cultural route do not
appear clearly preserved, the existence and value of the cultural
route as a whole can be shown through the existing immaterial aspects.
protection, conservation/preservation and promotion of a cultural
route calls for both public awareness and participation of the
inhabitants of the concerned areas, setting up management tools
adapted to the protection against all kinds of risks, specially the
negative repercussions of tourism, and the development of land use
policies in concert with national, regional or international plans and
aiming for a sustainable development.
identification and evaluation purposes, the following characteristics
may be considered:
of dynamic social, economical, commercial, administrative, cultural
and spiritual processes as a consequence of exchanges between related
and shared characteristics of areas that are connected by historical
and cultural links;
of mobility and relationships between peoples or ethnic groups of
cultural features rooted in the traditional life of different
properties related to cultural practices as ceremonies, festivals and
religious celebrations representative of shared values for different
communities within (a) specific cultural and historic area(s);
§ Cultural properties related to the sense and functionality of the route itself.
REPORTS OF REGIONAL AND THEMATIC EXPERT MEETINGS
recommend to insert the information contained on the website of the
ICOMOS International Scientific Committee on Cultural Routes (www.icomos-ciic.org),
which includes the conclusions elaborated by its expert meetings and a
report on its publications, studies and projects.)
THEMATIC AND COMPARATIVE STUDIES BY THE ADVISORY BODIES
reports, most of which are available on their respective web sites,
Geological History - A Contextual Framework for Assessment of World
Heritage Fossil Site Nominations (September 1996)
Canal Monuments List (1996)
Heritage Bridges (1996)
Global Overview of Forest Protected Areas on the World Heritage List (September
Global Overview of Wetland and Marine Protected Areas on the World
Heritage List (September 1997)
Use of World Heritage Natural Sites (September 1997)
Hominid Sites (1997)
Urban Architectural Heritage of Latin America (1998)
Cultural Crossroads; Cultural Routes, Legislation and Cultural Tourism
Théâtres et les Amphithéâtres antiques (1999)
as World Heritage Sites (1999)
wine and the vine routes in the Mediterranean Cultural Heritage
Bastioned Fortifications Across Five Continents (1999)
Definitions and operative Aspects of Cultural Itineraries(1st
Definitions and operative Aspects of Cultural Itineraries” (2nd
Global Overview of Protected Areas on the World Heritage List of
Particular Importance for Biodiversity (November 2000)
villages ouvriers comme éléments du patrimoine de l'industrie (2001)
Intangible Heritage and Cultural Routes in a Universal Context; 2.
Steps towards making a Pre inventory of Cultural Routes: a) Strategies
and Teams; b) Projects and Contents (2001)
Global Strategy for Geological World Heritage (February 2002)
Sites of Southern Africa (2002)
conceptual and substantive independence of Cultural Routes in relation
to Cultural Landscapes (2002)
as part of Our Cultural Heritage. Report on the Meeting of Experts
(Madrid, 24-25 November 1994) (WHC-94/CONF.003/INF.13)
and the documents and conclusions elaborated by the meetings of
experts of the ICOMOS-CIIC (1997-2002). See: Annex 4. III.
As specified in paragraphs II.C.7 and II.C.11 of the 3rd
Draft Annotated Revised Operational Guidelines for the
implementation of the World Heritage Convention.